Question: A virtue ethics perspective requires a moral actor to look to the community that will hold the moral actor to the highest ethical standard and support the moral actor’s intention to be a virtuous person.
Question: Discarding the few bad apples will usually solve all of the ethical problems within an organization.
Question: An employer cannot be held liable for an employee’s sexual harassment activities.
Question: Awareness that something is an ethical problem or issue is enhanced when
A Someone states any problem
B Two people talk about a work-related problem
C It is framed with ethical language
D You are an amoral individual
Question: According to cognitive moral development theory, the actual moral decision is not as important as the reasoning process used to arrive at it.
Question: The ___________ states that an ethical decision should maximize benefits to society and minimize harms.
A Principle of value
B Theory of cost-benefit analysis
C Principle of efficacy
D Principle of utility
Question: An ethical dilemma is defined as a situation where two or more right values are in conflict.
Question: Which of the following is false?
A Lawrence Kohlberg developed the cognitive moral development theory by studying male adult behavior
B The cognitive moral development theory focuses primarily on how people decide what course of action is morally right
C Cognitive moral development is an individual difference that impacts the way people think about an ethical dilemma
D Individuals can comprehend and use all stages of reasoning below their own
Question: The ___________ approach to ethical decision making focuses on what decisions an individual should make.
Question: Despite the disclosure rule, making decisions in private to avoid negative reaction is generally best for a business as it safeguards your firm’s reputation and keeps competitive information away from your competitors.
Question: Teaching ethics to business managers is important because
A Managers need to be able to identify bad apples
B Managers need to learn the laws
C Managers need to understand, regulate, and change the ethical environment
D Every business decision has ethical consequences
E None of these
Question: ___________ refers to the fairness of exchanges: “You did this for me and I’ll do that for you.”
D Shared resources
Question: _________ students may need more ethics training because research has found that they rank lower in moral reasoning than other students.
B Political science
Question: Which of the following statements is true?
A Bad apples are just a few individuals who spoil it for the rest of us
B Employees’ good behavior can be spoiled by a bad barrel
C Ethics cannot be taught because individuals come into an organization already as a bad apple
D Bad barrels are caused by bad apples in an organization
Question: Good character is the main factor in determining whether an individual acts ethically within an organization.
Question: With human resource issues, the most important word to remember is fairness.
Question: The challenges to focusing strictly on consequences as a means of making ethical decisions include(s)
A That it is a practical approach
B Consequences already underline business thinking
C That it is difficult to evaluate all consequences
D That it protects the rights of minorities
Question: If an organization has 30 employees, it is not required to have a sexual harassment policy or train employees on these issues.
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Question: By ignoring the topic of ethical behavior, an organization may actually be encouraging unethical behavior through benign neglect.
Question: Employees do not care about the fairness of the decision-making procedure as much as they care about the fairness of the outcomes they receive.
Question: Ethical conflict is almost exclusively influenced by individual differences.
Question: The broad categories of typical ethical problems individuals face in the workplace include all of the following except
A Human resources issues
B Conflicts of interest
C Customer confidence issues
D Use of corporate resources
E Leadership concerns
Question: Sally attributes her success at work to luck. Sally is characterized by
A High internal locus of control
B High external locus of control
C Stage 2 moral reasoning
D Stage 4 moral reasoning
Question: What example is used throughout the lectures to discuss different aspects of unethical behavior and poor ethical decision making? I did not read the lectures
A Penn State
C 2007 financial crises
E None of the above
Question: An organization led by a leader high in cognitive moral development establishes a much stronger ethical climate in the organization.
Question: According to Kohlberg, as individuals move forward through the sequence of stages, they are cognitively capable of comprehending all reasoning stages below and above their own.
Question: The ___________ approach to ethical decision making focuses on how people actually make ethical decisions.
Question: Utilitarianism is the best known example of a consequential theory.
Question: Which of the following is false?
A Moral reasoning can be increased through training
B A more principled individual is less likely to cheat
C When an organization’s leader is characterized by high moral development, the entire ethical climate of the organization is stronger
D Employee satisfaction and commitment are not related to the leader’s moral development
Question: According to the authors, most people are guided by a strict internal moral compass and will not be swayed by organizational factors.
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