30 MCQ A virtue ethics perspective requires a moral actor to look to the community that will hold

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1
Question: A virtue ethics perspective requires a moral actor to look to the community that will hold the moral actor to the highest ethical standard and support the moral actor’s intention to be a virtuous person.

A True

B False

2
Question: Discarding the few bad apples will usually solve all of the ethical problems within an organization.

A True

B False

3
Question: An employer cannot be held liable for an employee’s sexual harassment activities.

A True

B False

4
Question: Awareness that something is an ethical problem or issue is enhanced when

A Someone states any problem

B Two people talk about a work-related problem

C It is framed with ethical language

D You are an amoral individual

5
Question: According to cognitive moral development theory, the actual moral decision is not as important as the reasoning process used to arrive at it.

A True

B False

6
Question: The ___________ states that an ethical decision should maximize benefits to society and minimize harms.

A Principle of value

B Theory of cost-benefit analysis

C Principle of efficacy

D Principle of utility

7
Question: An ethical dilemma is defined as a situation where two or more right values are in conflict.

A True

B False

8
Question: Which of the following is false?

A Lawrence Kohlberg developed the cognitive moral development theory by studying male adult behavior

B The cognitive moral development theory focuses primarily on how people decide what course of action is morally right

C Cognitive moral development is an individual difference that impacts the way people think about an ethical dilemma

D Individuals can comprehend and use all stages of reasoning below their own

9
Question: The ___________ approach to ethical decision making focuses on what decisions an individual should make.

A Prescriptive

B Descriptive

C Illustrative

D Regulatory

10
Question: Despite the disclosure rule, making decisions in private to avoid negative reaction is generally best for a business as it safeguards your firm’s reputation and keeps competitive information away from your competitors.

A True

B False

11
Question: Teaching ethics to business managers is important because

A Managers need to be able to identify bad apples

B Managers need to learn the laws

C Managers need to understand, regulate, and change the ethical environment

D Every business decision has ethical consequences

E None of these

12
Question: ___________ refers to the fairness of exchanges: “You did this for me and I’ll do that for you.”

A Reciprocity

B Equality

C Impartiality

D Shared resources

13
Question: _________ students may need more ethics training because research has found that they rank lower in moral reasoning than other students.

A Philosophy

B Political science

C Business

D Medicine

14
Question: Which of the following statements is true?

A Bad apples are just a few individuals who spoil it for the rest of us

B Employees’ good behavior can be spoiled by a bad barrel

C Ethics cannot be taught because individuals come into an organization already as a bad apple

D Bad barrels are caused by bad apples in an organization

15
Question: Good character is the main factor in determining whether an individual acts ethically within an organization.

A True

B False

16
Question: With human resource issues, the most important word to remember is fairness.

A True

B False

17

Question: The challenges to focusing strictly on consequences as a means of making ethical decisions include(s)

A That it is a practical approach

B Consequences already underline business thinking

C That it is difficult to evaluate all consequences

D That it protects the rights of minorities

18
Question: If an organization has 30 employees, it is not required to have a sexual harassment policy or train employees on these issues.

A True

B False

19 Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames.

Question: By ignoring the topic of ethical behavior, an organization may actually be encouraging unethical behavior through benign neglect.

A True

B False

20
Question: Employees do not care about the fairness of the decision-making procedure as much as they care about the fairness of the outcomes they receive.

A True

B False

21
Question: Ethical conflict is almost exclusively influenced by individual differences.

A True

B False

22
Question: The broad categories of typical ethical problems individuals face in the workplace include all of the following except

A Human resources issues

B Conflicts of interest

C Customer confidence issues

D Use of corporate resources

E Leadership concerns

23
Question: Sally attributes her success at work to luck. Sally is characterized by

A High internal locus of control

B High external locus of control

C Stage 2 moral reasoning

D Stage 4 moral reasoning

24
Question: What example is used throughout the lectures to discuss different aspects of unethical behavior and poor ethical decision making? I did not read the lectures

A Penn State

B Enron

C 2007 financial crises

D Chick-fil-A

E None of the above

25
Question: An organization led by a leader high in cognitive moral development establishes a much stronger ethical climate in the organization.

A True

B False

26
Question: According to Kohlberg, as individuals move forward through the sequence of stages, they are cognitively capable of comprehending all reasoning stages below and above their own.

A True

B False

27
Question: The ___________ approach to ethical decision making focuses on how people actually make ethical decisions.

A Prescriptive

B Descriptive

C Illustrative

D Regulatory

28
Question: Utilitarianism is the best known example of a consequential theory.

A True

B False

29
Question: Which of the following is false?

A Moral reasoning can be increased through training

B A more principled individual is less likely to cheat

C When an organization’s leader is characterized by high moral development, the entire ethical climate of the organization is stronger

D Employee satisfaction and commitment are not related to the leader’s moral development

30
Question: According to the authors, most people are guided by a strict internal moral compass and will not be swayed by organizational factors.

A True

B False

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