Introduction to Public Speaking

Introduction to Public Speaking

1. A social activist has a subjective view of morality and this is reflected in a riveting speech during a demonstration outside city hall. That is, the activist has an underlying belief that
A. circumstances play a role in behavior and the end may justify the means.
B. the actions of others make sense to them and should not be judged.
C. right and wrong exist apart from cultural values or beliefs.
D. ethical standards apply to all people in all situations at all times.

2. A politician identifies a growing social problem, then proposes a sequence of remedies in four steps the politician believes should be taken. Which kind of organizational pattern is the politician using?
A. Topical pattern
B. Advantage-disadvantage pattern
C. Time-order pattern
D. Sequential pattern

3. Effective speakers focus most on the
A. audience
B. vocal presentation
C. content of their speech
D. language of their speech

4. Getting the audience’s attention, establishing connections, and orienting the audience should be the goals of your
A. conclusion
B. introduction
C. outline
D. visual aids

5. An inexperienced speaker is advised to use cognitive restructuring to reduce her fears and worries related to public speaking. This technique involves
A. getting gradually used to an uncomfortable activity.
B. learning to relax.
C. changing the way you think about a situation.
D. doing deep breathing exercises.

6. A seminar participant is asking him or herself a series of questions (Who? What? When?) about the general subject the participant is considering for a presentation. The participant is using
A. rhetoric, the system of language.
B. a search directory.
C. topoi, the system of topics.
D. a tree diagram.

7. Carrie realizes she needs to become a better listener. What is the first thing she needs to understand about listening if she wants to improve?
A. Listening is the physical part of hearing.
B. Listening is much less demanding than speaking.
C. Listening isn’t a passive activity.
D. Listening isn’t a complicated process.

8. Your thesis statement should encompass the ______ of your speech.
A. outline
B. conclusion
C. central idea
D. researched sources

9. A lecturer has no problem addressing large halls full of hundreds of people but clams up in small roundtable discussions. The lecturer is experiencing _______ apprehension.
A. situational
B. temporal
C. state
D. trait

10. A speech about “The Implications of Genetic Engineering” would be unsuitable for an audience of high school students because the topic isn’t
A. culturally sensitive.
B. very worthwhile.
C. appropriate to your audience.
D. concrete enough.

11. A speaker decides to include a particular type of example, one the speaker will convey by telling a brief story. The speaker will be using a/an
A. analogy
B. illustration
C. definition
D. narrative

12. A retail manager is designing slides for a computer-assisted presentation to accompany a training session. The manager should avoid
A. using phrases instead of long sentences.
B. trying to create charts and tables.
C. including too many visuals and graphics.
D. putting only one thought on each slide.

13. Within the first minute, a listener thinks, “Oh boy, this speech is gonna be dull.” The listener has forgotten a guideline for listening with an open mind, which cautions listeners to avoid
A. filtering out messages.
B. prejudging.
C. using listening cues.
D. assimilating.

14. Nonverbal behaviors on the part of public speakers are considered to be
A. globally standardized.
B. liberal art.
C. criticism.
D. messages.

15. The speaker says, “Before we identify a solution to this problem in America, let’s see what other countries have done about it.” This statement is an example of a/an
A. transition.
B. conclusion.
C. introduction.
D. proof.

16. Thinking that one’s own culture is better than others is called
A. individualism.
B. egocentrism.
C. ethnocentrism.
D. prejudice.

17. What’s a practical way to reduce factors that may cause your communication apprehension?
A. Memorize the entire speech word for word.
B. Rehearse in the room where you’ll give the speech.
C. Realize you’re the center of attention.
D. Stand perfectly still.

18. If you plan to give a speech on the Battle of Bunker Hill from the perspective of one of the American or British soldiers who fought in the battle, what sort of listening are you asking your audience to use?
A. Categorical
B. Empathetic
C. Assimilating
D. Productive

19. When criticism takes place after a public speech in a classroom setting, it
A. usually turns into an embarrassing confrontation.
B. can be positive or negative.
C. implies that the critic is superior to the speaker.
D. should include the reason for such strong disagreement.

20. A good choice for a public speaking topic
A. isn’t likely to be covered in a reputable newspaper.
B. avoids controversial subjects.
C. is broad enough to interest any audience.
D. addresses a need or interest of your audience.